Tokyo Japan is among the major cities in the world that bustles with massive transportation infrastructure. The rail transport system is the main mode of commuting and has been legendry, since some subways were built in 1927. Indeed, Tokyo is touted to have the most widespread metropolitan railway registering 40 million passengers daily. There are over 880 unified rail stations and 282 Subways in the Tokyo Metropolis. Despite this immensity, expansion is continuous where there are upgrades and few new systems. The government owns some of the companies running the rail metro systems, while many are owned my individual firms. Definitely, during peak hours, these trains are extremely crowded that some people are pushed into trains by contracted pushers (Kato, Yuichiro and Masashi 777-778). Buses and trams in Tokyo are believed to serving secondary purposes after the railways, and are mainly feeding from rail stations and subways. Undeniably, there are also long distance buses that mainly ply routes that are not properly covered by the metro system or passengers will luggage though, they are few. Taxis are also present in Tokyo serving as buses, but are mainly used during later hours when the trains are not in use. Business individuals that need to move around the city use taxis to avoid difficulties in accessing certain parts at will. Passenger ferries are also functioning between Tokyo, Yokosuka, Yokohama among others. One of the prominent ferry services is Tokyo-Wan Ferry. There are also other cruise ships between Hokkaido and Okinawa Island. Private boats are also available plying between Tokyo and other Japanese Islands. In Tokyo, there is a Tokyo Haneda and Narita airport serving as international arrivals and commercial functions. There are also other connecting airports like Shizuoka and Sapporo, which are more popular for their low-cost services. Helicopter services are also available in other places especially in Narita linking parts of Tokyo (Japan-guide.com1).
Japan-guide.com “Transportation” 19 Oct. 2013.Web.
Kato, Hironori, Yuichiro Kaneko, and Masashi Inoue. “Comparative Analysis of Transit Assignment: Evidence from Urban Railway System in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area.” Transportation 37.5 (2010): 775-99. ProQuest. Web. 19 Oct. 2013.